Sandra Branson Young
© Copyright 2003
All Rights Reserved
Mary Hanson of Charles Co,
January 17, 2006
SMALLWOOD-HANSON AND ALLIED FAMILIES OF CHARLES, MD
Colonel Robert Hanson
Much has already been documented on this web site about
Col. Robert Hanson's participation in the early government of Maryland and
the United States. (See
The Hansons and Smallwoods
of Early Maryland and North Carolina).
He and Bayne Smallwood were two of the four representatives from Charles
County. Bayne Smallwood was the first cousin of Mary's husband,
Robert first married Benedicta Hoskins,
daughter of Col. Philip Hoskins and Elizabeth Waughop (Wahob) ca. 1704.
They had several children including: Major Samuel Hanson (Dec. 6,
1705), Mary (1710-1714), and possibly John, Benjamin and Anne.
Benedicta died before 1721 and he married Violetta Harrison ca. 1722.
They had several children, including: Sarah (m. Gerald Fowke) and
Dorothy (m. Richard Hanson Harrison), and possibly Robert, Violetta and
William. Violetta Harrison was the daughter of Francis Harrison and
Col. Robert Hanson died ca. 1748 in
Charles, Maryland. It is not proven that Robert was the father of
Mary (who married Wm. Smallwood).
mother, Benedicta Hoskins (and her ancestry)
was born Dec. 18, 1685 in Charles, MD. She died before 1721 in
Charles, MD. Her father was Philip Hoskins who was born ca. 1650 in
England and died April 22, 1718 in Charles, MD. Her mother was
Elizabeth Waughop (Wahob) who was born ca. 1660 in Port Tobacco, Charles,
MD and died ca. 1698 in Charles, MD.
Waughop (Wahob)'s father was Archibald Wahob, born ca. 1626 in England and died
March 10, 1684 in Charles, MD. Her mother was Jane Leah, born ca.
1630 in England.
Philip and Elizabeth had the following children:
Jane (b. ca 1680), Benedicta (b. 1685), Elizabeth (b.
1686), William (b. ca. 1691), Mary (b. ca. 1692),
Margaret (b. 1694), Philip (b. 1696).
Jane married Thomas Stone
Benedicta married Col. Robert Hanson
William married Violetta Harrison
Mary's possible paternal grandparents
(and their ancestry)
Mary's probable paternal grandfather was John Hanson, born
ca. 1630. Some researchers indicate that he was born in Sweden,
while others say this is not correct. John married Mary (or Ann)
Hussey (b. ca. 1634 in Charles, MD). They had the following
children: Elizabeth? (b. ca. 1656), Col. Robert,
John (ca. 1681), Judge Samuel (b. ca 1684), Benjamin (b.
ca. 1690), Ann (b.1691), Mary (b. ca. 1693), Sarah
(b. ca. 1698).
Elizabeth? married George Brett ca. 1670
Robert married Benedicta Hoskins ca. 1704 and Violetta Harrison ca. 1720
John married Elizabeth Hussey Nov. 3, 1705
Samuel married Elizabeth Story (Storey) ca. 1706
Mary married William Maconchie and Theophilus Swift
Sarah married Joseph Douglass Jr.
to William Smallwood (and their children)
possibly married William Smallwood ca. 1727, probably in Charles, MD. On
December 13, 1755, William and Mary sold their homestead "Friendship" to
James Edelen. It is presumed they moved to Granville, North Carolina
shortly after this transaction. By this time, their nine children
had already been born. Their youngest son, William, was about 10 years
old, their next youngest son, Elijah Sr., was about 15 years old and
their son Elisha was about 20 years old. These three sons probably
moved to Granville, NC along with them. Their other children are not
well documented. James (b. ca. 1730).
John (b. 1732) died ca. 1765 in Prince Georges Co, MD. Not much is
known about their daughters Elizabeth, Aseneth and Mary. It is known
that Elizabeth married a Tarvin, Aseneth married a Foster and Mary married
a Duell. Their daughter Eliza or Nancy was b. ca. 1738 and married
Bolin Adcock and had seven known children.
There is some question about why William divided his
estate as he did. He gave one shilling to each of this living
children (son John died before he did). Sons Elisha and William were
to receive half of the remaining estate and wife Mary was to receive half
until her death, at which time it would be divided between sons Elisha and
William. There were so many James and William Smallwoods in census
records that it's difficult to tell if these sons stayed in Granville, NC
until William Senior's death. Elisha did stay there until
after his death. This may be the reason William Sr. decided to
distribute his estate in this way, since Elisha (and perhaps William)
agreed to stay nearby to help take care of them in their old age -
although William Sr. was only age 58 when he died, Mary was probably over
age 75 when she died. If this was the reason, Elisha did stay in
Granville, NC until after his father's death, but he moved to Georgia
before his mother's death. Elijah was probably already living
several counties away in Rowan, NC. He may have received financial
assistance from his father already. The same could be true for
I have found very little about son James, except that he
was born ca. 1730 in Charles, MD. His death date is not known, nor
his death location. However, we do know that he was alive in
1766 when his father's will was signed.
Their son John married Anne Marlow ca. 1750. They
had one known daughter, Ann Middleton Smallwood, before John died ca. May,
1765 in Prince Georges Co, Maryland.
Their son Elisha married Tabitha Humphreys some time
before 1756. Elisha is listed on the 1765 Tax List of Granville, NC,
along with his mother Mary. By that time, Mary was a widow since
William Sr. died in 1768. Elisha was also mentioned in a deed recorded
in Granville, NC 1766. Based on the birthplace of his son Mark, Elisha and Tabitha moved to Georgia before 1780. Elisha and Tabitha
had ten children. Elisha died 1811 in Wilkes Co, GA. Tabitha
died between 1803 and 1811 in Wilkes, GA.
Their son Elijah Sr. was possibly married to Sarah.
They had four known children and possibly as many as eleven.
Sometime before 1771 they moved from Granville, NC to Surry, NC, slightly
to the west. Their known children were Jonathan (1763-1812), Elijah
Jr. (1770->1850), Nancy (1785-<1860) and Eliza. Other possible
children were Elisha (b. bef. 1760), Aseneth or Hescencia (ca.
1774->1860), William (?->1830), Wilkinson (ca. 1797-1862), John (ca. 1797)
and Rachel (1775-1850). Elijah was listed in the Surry, NC census
records from 1790 to 1810. He died ca. 1810 in that county. He
moved to Rowan, NC sometime before 1765, when he was listed as a witness
to a deed. Rowan county was split in 1771 to form Surry, NC and he
was on the first tax list. He is mentioned in Surry, NC records and
censuses until the year 1810, when he died there.
Their daughter Eliza (or Nancy) married Bolin Adcock
before 1766. Bolin died before 1820 in probably Granville, NC.
Bolin is mentioned in tax lists and other records of that county from 1769
until 1787 when he was the recipient of a bond from his mother-in-law,
Mary. Eliza and Bolin had seven children.
Their son William married Sarah Philpot before 1778.
They had nine children: Mary Babb (1778-1830), Elijah (1779-1831),
Randolph (1780-ca.1856), Samuel (ca. 1780-<1850), John (d. 1821), Elisha
(1784-1870), William (b. 1786), Nancy (ca. 1789) and James (b. ca. 1790).
In 1804 William and Sarah were in Madison, KY. It is unknown where
and when William and Sarah died. Some researchers think they moved
to Georgia before their deaths while others believe they died in Kentucky.
A William Smallwood was listed in the 1790 and 1810 Surry, NC censuses,
age 45+, but this could have another William, including William Jr.
William and Mary's children scattered throughout
Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia and Kentucky - and later to
Missouri. It is not known where James lived.
Some Allied Families
So far, this is the most important allied family we have
located. They were connected to the Hansons and the Smallwoods in
Charles MD, Granville NC, Surry NC and Scotland MO. It presents
the most convincing evidence that Hezekiah Smallwood (b. 1799) was related
to Elijah Smallwood Sr. of Surry, NC.
Several Smallwood researchers have found a probable link
between Hezekiah and Wilkinson Smallwood who were living near each
other in 1860 Missouri. Wilkinson's daughter Elizabeth married
Hezekiah Wheeler. Hezekiah Wheeler was the 1st cousin 4 times
removed of Leonard Wheeler who married Elizabeth Hanson - Mary Hanson's
probable 1st cousin.
Leonard and Elizabeth Hanson are linked to Elijah
Smallwood in these known ways:
1. In the 1800 Federal Census of Port Tobacco,
Charles, MD, Ignatius Wheeler is listed two lines below John Smallwood.
Ignatius Wheeler was the uncle of Leonard Wheeler.
2. The probable son of Leonard, Samuel Wheeler,
was on the 1769 Granville, NC Tax List with Mary (Hanson) Smallwood.
3. Another probable son of Leonard, Ignatius
Wheeler, was on the 1771 Surry, NC Tax List with Elijah Smallwood Sr.
In short, this Wheeler family represents an important
link between the Hansons and Smallwoods as the Smallwoods migrated from
Charles, MD > Granville, NC > Surry, NC > Missouri.
This is very strong evidence that Hezekiah Smallwood,
born 1799 (probably in Surry, NC) was a descendent of William Smallwood
and Mary Hanson (?). He was probably the grandson of Elijah Sr and son
of Elijah Jr.
NOTE: Part of this research may conflict with
research done by others. In my notes I have a 2-paragraph comment
about Eliza Wheeler who married Charles E. Winegar, probably in Missouri.
Eliza was the daughter of Hezekiah Wheeler and Elizabeth Smallwood.
The comment is as follows:
Charles Winegar (Wininger) married Eliza
Wheeler whose father's ancestors came from England before the War of 1776
and settled in VA. Her GGGrandmother was a full blooded Cherokee Indian
squaw doctor in us territory--KY. before the gov. sent the Cherokee to
Eliza's GGGrandfather was JNO. JOHNSTON whose parents came from Sweden.
One of the Johnston's daughters (name unknown) married LEE SMALLWOOD, Lee
Smallwood was from NC of English descent. Their son Elisha, married Eliza
JOHNSON (no kin to Johnston) whose parents came from sweden. They had 3
children: Tabytha, 1840, Jimmie, 1842, and Elizabeth, 1844. Elisha did not
live long after the war.
Elizabeth Smalwood married Hezekiah Wheeler, born 1840, whose ancestors
were of English descent and were located in VA. before coming to KY.
Elizabeth and Hezekiah had three children: Willie, Doug.and Eliza. Eliza
married Charles E. Winegar, and they had two boys: Walter, 1887, Milton,
1889. Milton married Mary Silver and they had five children: Frances,
Walter, Henry, Warren, and Ann.
These comments indicate that Eliza
Wheeler's paternal ancestors went to Kentucky from Virginia.
However, other research indicates that they went to Kentucky from Charles,
MD via North Carolina. I do not find her direct line of Wheelers in
Virginia but I do find Charles Winegar's ancestors there, so this comment
may have been an error.
Wilkinson may have been a nephew of 1799
Hezekiah. Lee Smallwood may have been Hezekiah's brother. Wilkinson served in the Mexican War and a
pension record for his widow indicates an age of 64 at the time of the
claim in 1887. In the 1860 census, Wilkinson's age is shown as 38
which would make his birth year about 1821/1822. Wilkinson and Eliza
were married 1842 in Rockcastle, Kentucky and this is where 1799 Hezekiah
was living. Some researchers believe he was the son of 1799
Hezekiah, however census records for 1799 Hezekiah show only 2 sons the
age of Wilkinson, and these two sons have already been identified as James
Further Connection between Hansons
and Wheelers of Charles, MD:
WILL OF CLEMENT WHEELER, PROVED 1799
Will of Clement Wheeler: proved 1799, Charles County, MD
CLEMENT WHEELER OF CHARLES COUNTY, MD.
Granddaughter, Jane Sanders,-
Witnesses: Theophilus Hanson, Mary Wheeler, Richard Wheeler, William
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Thompson, Benjamin B. Simms.
Date of will not given. Proved June 11, 1799, Charles Countt, Md.
N. B.-This will ends here and was neither dated nor signed, but the
Court examined the following witnesses on June 11, 1799, to wit:
Theophilus Hanson, who wrote the will, gave his age as about 56 years;
Mary Wheeler, who had heard testator acknowledge it as his will; Richard
Wheeler, William Thompson, Thomas Thompson and Mrs. Thompson, his wife,
Benjamin B. Simms. After which examination the within was taken as the
Will and Tes rament of the deceased and duly probated, June 11, 1799. -R.
T. Semmes. 1918
Theophilus was Mary's 1st cousin 1 time removed.
The Hansons were closely aligned with the Harrison
family in Charles, MD. Violetta Harrison's father was Francis
Harrison. Her mother was Elizabeth Wakelin. The parents of Francis
were Joseph Harrison (b. 1623 Isle of Wight, VA) and Elizabeth Troope.
Dorothy, the daughter of Col. Robert Hanson and Violetta Harrison, married Richard Hanson Harrison.
A family tree for a Randolph Hanson was found on
ancestry.com. It is not known if he was related to this Hanson
family. Randolph was born about 1640 in Warwickshire, England.
He married Barbara Hatton, Their daughter, Mary (b. 1687) married
Joseph Harrison in Charles, MD.
Another family that was closely aligned with the Hansons
in Charles, MD were the McPhersons. Benedicta Hanson, daughter of
Major Samuel Hanson and Mary Fendall, married Henry McPherson.
Another daughter, Elizabeth Hanson, married Thomas McPherson.
Thomas and Henry were sons of William McPherson and Barbara Acton.
NOTE: The Acton family also intermarried with the
Smallwood family in Charles, MD
Pres. John Hanson married Jane Contee, daughter of
Alexander Contee and Jane Brooke. John and Jane's son, Alexander
Contee Hanson, married Rebecca Howard. Howard is another surname
familiar to Smallwood family researchers.
Mary Hanson, daughter of Samuel Hanson and Elizabeth
Story, married John Briscoe. John was the son of John Briscoe Sr.
and Eleanor Williamson. John Sr's parents were Philip Briscoe and
Chloe Hanson, another daughter of Samuel Hanson and
Elizabeth Story, married John Briscoe's brother, Philip.
Briscoe is another surname we have found during our
Smallwood research. Russell Bean/Bushnell Smallwood (son of William
Benjamin Smallwood of Baltimore, MD), married Margaret Logan Briscoe.
We have attempted to find a connection between Margaret and the Briscoe
families of Charles, MD, but with no luck. We also don't know who
William Benjamin Smallwood is. He was born ca. 1773 and was found in
the 1800 Federal Census in Baltimore City, Baltimore, MD, along with Ann
Smallwood. He was not there is 1810, but there was an unknown Lewis
Smallwood in Baltimore, MD who was born between 1765 and 1784. It is
not known if Lewis was related to William or Ann. If you have
information about the early Baltimore Smallwoods please contact