Squire Boone was a son of George Boone III and Mary Mogridge (Maugridge) who emigrated from Bradninch, Devonshire, England, to Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, arriving on 29 September 1717 (O.S.).(1) Sarah Morgan was a daughter of Edward and Elizabeth Morgan of Towamencin Township in Philadelphia (now Montgomery) County, Pennsylvania. The parents of Edward Morgan have not been proved but he has been identified as the son of Sir James Morgan, 4th Baronet of Llantarnam in Monmouthshire (now Gwent), Wales, and his first wife Ann Hopton of Canon Frome.(2) The maiden name of Edward's wife Elizabeth has not been determined.
When the first six children of George Boone and Mary Mogridge were born, the Boones were members of the Church of England and their baptisms were recorded in the register of Bradninch Parish. The Anglican church in Bradninch is St. Disen's which was built in the middle of the 15th Century. Squire was baptized on 25 December 1696 (O.S.):(3)
1690 George the son of George Boone bap the 20 day of July
1692 Sarah ye daughter of George boone bapt 28 day of March
1694 Mary ye daughter of George boone bap the 26th day of Sept
1696 Squire ye son of George Boone bap Dec 25th
1699 Mary ye daughter of George Boone bap Oct ye 15th
1701/2 John son of George Boone bap Jan ye 30th
The first daughter named Mary died and was buried on 20 May 1696.(4) Since subsequent children of George and Mary Mogridge Boone apparently were not baptized in Bradninch, they must have been converted to Quakerism before their son Joseph was born on 05 April 1704 (O.S.).
Squire Boone and his older brother and sister, George Boone IV and Sarah Boone, preceded their parents and younger siblings to Pennsylvania, arriving before 27 July 1713 (O.S.) when George IV married Deborah Howell, daughter of William and Mary Howell, at Abingdon Monthly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. Although it does not appear that Squire and Sarah Boone joined Abingdon Meeting, as did their brother after his marriage, they probably resided in Abingdon with or near him until their parents arrived there. After a few months at Abingdon, the Boone family, except George IV, moved to North Wales Township in Philadelphia County where they attended the Gwynedd Monthly Meeting of the Friends which George Boone III joined in 1717:(5)
10-31, 1717 George Boone, Sr. Produced a Certificate of his Good Life and Conversation from the Monthly Meeting att Callumpton In Great Britain wch was read and well recd.
Cullompton is a town in Devonshire, northeast of Bradninch about a mile up the River Culm. Bradninch is about eight miles from the city of Exeter.(6)
By 1720 the Boones had moved again, settling on a farm in Oley Township in Philadelphia County, which was included in Exeter Township when it was set-off from Oley in 1741. The family attended Gwynedd Meeting until 25 August 1737 (O.S.) when a new church was organized as Oley Monthly Meeting which was re-named Exeter Monthly Meeting on 27 May 1742 (O.S.).(7) The Boone land was located the part of Philadelphia County that became Lancaster County when that county was created and Berks County in 1752. Being from near Exeter, England, perhaps the Boones influenced the selection of the name Exeter for the new township in which their land was located.
Squire Boone and Sarah Morgan apparently met at Gwynedd Meeting where, following Quaker custom, they announced to the group that they intended to get married:(8)
5-26, 1720 Squire Boone and Sarah Morgan declare intentions: Caddr Evans and Robert Jones Catherine William and Ganior Jones to inquire.
6-30, 1720 Squire Boone and Sarah Morgan, 2nd time Caddr Evans and Robert Jones to see the marriage orderly accomplished.
7-27, 1720 Marriage of Squire Boone reported decently accomplished.
Squire and Sarah were married on the 23rd day of the 07th month 1720:(9)
Whereas Squire Boone Son of George Boone of ye County of Philad & Province of Pensilvania Yeoman and Sarah Morgan Daughter of Edw Morgan of the Said County and Province Haveing Declared Their Intention of Marriage of Each Other before two Monthly Meetings of ye People Called Quakers Held at Gwynedd in ye Said County According to ye Good Order Used Among Them Whose Proceedings Therein After a Diliberate Consideration Therein and haveing Consent of Parents and Relation Concerned Their Said Proceedings Are Allowed of By Ye Said Meeting Now These Are to Certify All Whom it may Concern that for ye Full Accomplishing of Their Said Intentions This Twenty Third Day of ye Seventh Month In ye Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Twenty They ye Sd. Squire Boone and Sarah Morgan Appeared At A Solemn Assembly of ye Said People for ye Purpose Appointed at Their Publick meeting Place In Gwynedd Afforesd And ye Said Squire Boone Took ye Said Sarah Morgan by ye Hand Did In A Solemn Manner Openly Declare he Took her To Be his Wife Promising To be Unto Her A Faithfull and Loveing Husband Untill Death Should Seperate Them And Then & There In the Said Assembly the said Sarah Morgan Did Likewise Declare She Took ye Said Squire Boone To be her Husband In Like Manner Promiseing to be Unto him a Faithfull and Loveing Wife Untill Should Seperate Them And Moreover The Said Squire Boone & Sarah She According to ye Custom of Marriage Assuming ye Name of Her Husband as Farther Confirmation Thereof Did Then and There to these presents Set There Hands And We Whose Names Are Under Written Being Among Others Present at ye Solemnization of the Said Marriage And Subscription in Manner Afforesd As Witnesses There unto have also to These Presents Set Our Hands ye Day & Year Above Written
Samll Thomas Mary Webb Squire Boone
Jenk Evans Eliz Morris Sarah Boone
Robt Jones Dorothy Morgan Geo Boone
Morgan Hugh Eliz Hughs Edw Morgan
Jno Edwards Mary Hamer Eliz Morgan
Tho Evan Eliz Morgan Geo Boone
Cadr Evan Jane Griffith Ja Boone
Rob Evan Eliz Griffith Wm Morgan
Jno Cadwalader Margt Jones Jno Morgan
Jno William Ellen Evans Danll Morgan
Jno Humphrey Gainor Jones Morgan Morgan
Jno Jones Jos Morgan
Jno Jones Jno Webb
In the Quaker tradition the close relatives of the bride and groom signed the certificate below them. The two George Boones were Squire's father and brother. The absence of Mary Boone's signature suggests that Squire's mother died before 1720. Edward and Elizabeth Morgan were Sarah's parents and William, John, Daniel, Morgan and Joseph Morgan were her brothers. James Boone was Squire's brother and John Webb was his brother-in-law. Exceptions to the endorsement tradition were Jenkin Evans, the husband of Sarah's sister Alice; Squire's sister Mary Webb, who had married John Webb ten days earlier; Dorothy Morgan, who was Dorothy Hughes Morgan, wife of Sarah's brother Morgan Morgan; and Elizabeth Morgan who was one of Sarah's sisters-in-law, either William Morgan's wife Elizabeth Roberts Morgan, Daniel Morgan's wife who also was an Elizabeth Roberts Morgan, or Joseph Morgan's wife Elizabeth Lloyd Morgan.
The marriage of Squire Boone and Sarah Morgan is stated in the terms of the Julian or Old Style (O.S.) calendar which was in effect until 1752 when the Gregorian calendar was adopted:(10)
An act of Parliament was passed in 1751, prescribing the adoption of the Gregorian Calendar throughout Great Britain and her colonies; making the succeeding year begin with the first of January and dropping eleven nominal days (3-13) from the month of September, 1752, so that what would have been the third of the month was called the 14th. The Quakers at their yearly meeting adopted this method, directing the members to recognize the change of style, and decreeing that thereafter the months should be numbered beginning with January. Formerly their numbering had begun with the month called March.
The corresponding date on the current Gregorian calendar may be determined by adding eleven days to a date given in Old Style. Under the Julian calendar, the year began on 25 March which was called the 1st month by the Quakers who did not approve of the names given to the months and referred to them by numbers, a practice which they followed under the new calendar as well.(11) Historians and genealogists frequently show years as in the foregoing baptismal date of John Boone for example, 1701/2, to cover the months of January, February and March which, in this instance, was at the end of 1701 under the Julian calendar and the beginning of 1702 under the Gregorian calendar.
The Quaker date of 23rd day of the 7th month converts to 23 September. The births of the first nine children of Squire Boone and Sarah Morgan also were recorded by the Exeter Monthly Meeting in the Old Style/Quaker format and converted:(12)
Parents, Squire and Sarah
Boone, Sarah 4 mo. 7, 1724. (07 Jun)
Israel 3 mo. 9, 1726. (09 May)
Samuel 3 mo. 20, 1728. (20 May)
Jonathan 10 mo. 6, 1730. (06 Dec)
Elizabeth 12 mo. 5, 1732. (05 Feb)
Daniel 8 mo. 22, 1734. (22 Oct)
Mary 9 mo. 3, 1736. (03 Nov)
George 11 mo. 2, 1739. (02 Jan)
Edward 9 mo. 19, 1740. (19 Nov)
The births of Squire Boone, Jr. and Hannah Boone do not appear in the records of Exeter Monthly Meeting but apparently were found in the Draper Manuscripts.(13) Their birth dates are included in a family record for Squire and Sarah Morgan Boone which was included in a compilation of data about Quakers of Berks County, Pennsylvania.(14)
On 03 December 1728 Squire Boone was identified as a weaver, which was his father's trade, and a resident of New Britain Township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, when he bought 147 acres of land there from Thomas Shute, yeoman, and his wife Elizabeth, of Philadelphia in the province of Pennsylvania, and Hieronimus Hus, yeoman, of Perkeoming in Bucks County:(15)
This Indenture Tripartite made the third day of December In the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred & Twenty eight Between Thomas Shute of the City of Philadelphia in the Province of Pennsylvania Yeoman and Elizabeth his Wife Of the first part Herommus Hus of Perkeoming in the County of Bucks in the said Province Yeoman of the second part And Squire Boon of New Britain in the said County Weaver of the third part Witnesseth that for ... Fifty two pounds ten Shillings ... to ... Thomas Shute & Elizabeth his Wife ... And for ... Thirty pounds ... to ... Hieronemus Hus ... Thomas Shute and Elizabeth his Wife ... have ... sold ... with the ... Consent and ... request of ... Hieronimus Hus ... unto ... Squire Boon A Certain Piece ... of Land ... in ... the ... County of Bucks Beginning at a ... Corner of a Tract ... reputed Abel Morgan's thence ... by Philip Setzler's Land ... to a Post in Andrew Hamilton's line ... Containing One hundred and Forty seven Acres ... part of two ... Tracts ... of Land, or of the one of them, which William Penn the Proprietary & Governor in Chief of the ... Province lately deceased did grant ... unto ... Thomas Shute ... Twenty fifth of March A.D. 1718 Entered in ... Philadelphia Patent Book A Vol 6 page 57 ... And which ... Thomas Shute did ... sell but actually Conveyed not unto ... Hieronimus Hus ... which premises ... Squire Boon now is in actual Seizin by virtue of a ... Sale ... made by ... Thomas Shute & Elizabeth his Wife for the Term of one Year ... By an Indenture Tripartite bearing Date the day next before the day of the date hereof made between the same Parties as these Presents ... In Witness whereof the ... Parties ... set their Hands & Seals ...
Sealed and Delivered in the presence of us by sd Shute & Ux
Geo Boone, Cha Brockden Thomas Shute (Seal)
Elizbeth Shut (Seal)
Sealed and Delivered by ... Hieronimus Hus in the presence
of us Cha Brockden, Cris Denning
It has been stated that Squire Boone resided on this land before it was deeded to him:(16)
OLD BOONE HOMESTEAD.
Finely located on rising ground, overlooking the Upper Neshaminy, in New Britain Township, Bucks Co., Pa., stands a fine old stone house which, though remodeled and added to by later owners, gives evidence of the age accredited to a portion of the walls. It was the eastern portion of this building, including the one-story structure and part of the main house, that was the home of Squire Boone, the father of the intrepid Kentucky pioneer, Daniel Boone, until 1730. While much has been written in reference to the birth-place and time of birth of Daniel Boone, there is no doubt of the fact that his father and mother came to this farm immediately after their marriage at Gwynedd Meeting House in Montgomery Co., seventh month, 23rd. 1720, and that at least three of Daniel Boone's brothers and sisters were born there. While Squire Boone did not become owner of the property until Dec. 3, 1728, it is believed that he resided on the farm, as the deed recorded at Doylesville (sic), in Deed Book No. 23, page 175, states that on Dec. 3, 1728, Thomas Shute and wife of Phila. and Heronimous Hass of Perkiomen conveyed to Squire Boone of New Britain Township, weaver, 147 acres of land ... This tract is located about three-quarters of a mile west of the present village of Chalfont, then known as Butler's Mill, and is intersected by the Neshaminy Creek, which the building faces, and the Doylestown branch of the Philadelphia and Reading Railway. The old road from Butler's Mill, now Chalfont, to the Bethlehem road at Line Lexington, crosses the north corner of the farm near the buildings, extends southeasterly through the center of the farm to the old road originally known as "the road from Butler's Mills to North Wales," now the upper State Road. It was on this farm that Squire Boone resided until he moved to Oley Township in Berks Co., having obtained a grant of 250 acres of land which was surveyed to him in Dec. 1730.*** The old Boone homestead in New Britain is now owned by a Philadelphian and occupied by Edward Berry.
Since he was described as a resident of New Britain Township, it is not unlikely that Squire Boone was a tenant on the tract before he actually bought it, perhaps engaged in clearing and improving the land.
Squire and Sarah Morgan Boone and their first three children returned to Oley about 20 November 1730 when Squire bought land from Ralph Asheton of the city of Philadelphia. His new farm was near his father's homestead, a few miles from the present city of Reading in the part of Lancaster County that became Berks County in 1752. His next nine children were born there.(17)
The homestead of Squire Boone was described by Andrew Shaaber, Librarian and Secretary of the Historical Society of Berks County, in an entry in his diary dated 17 October 1912, which is in the library of the Society:(18)
Visited the birthplace of Daniel Boone in Exeter township 1 1/2 miles from Baumstown. Moses Boone, aged 80 years, says he was at the place with his father when a boy and was told that the original house in which Daniel was born was a good sized log building that stood over the spring, on the same foundation walls on which now stands the stone house with date 1779. While the log house was yet in use, the stone extension to the right was built. The date stone which was in the stone building was either taken out, or was plastered over, so I was not able to get the date of its erection. The old log house after standing many years began to decay and grow weak. The arch over the spring was broken by heavy timbers falling upon it, perhaps when the house was being taken down in 1778, or perhaps before that time. In 1779 the log house was replaced by the stone extension at the left and with date 1779. The foundation walls of the log house were not removed. The walls were sound, as they are to this day, and the 1779 end of the house stands on the same cellar walls that the old log house stood on.
(Note: The Moses Boone mentioned here was a son of Judah Boone, the son of Moses Boone, son of James Boone, brother of Squire.)
In 1915 Shaaber wrote a letter to the Pennsylvania Society, 249 West 13th Street, New York City, which also is in the library of the Historical Society of Berks County:(19)
Replying to yours of Nov. 13, 1915, concerning birthplace of Daniel Boone. - Daniel Boone, son of Squire Boone (Squire being his given name), was born in that part of Philadelphia County, Penn., which in 1752 as Exeter township, became a part of the newly formed county of Berks. The birthplace of Daniel Boone never was in Bucks Co. "Squire Boone of the County of Philadelphia, yeoman," on Nov. 19th and 20th, 1730, bought 250 acres, part of Ralph Asheton's tract of 500 acres, built on it and occupied it.
This 500 acre tract had been granted by William Penn, Aug. 14th and 15th, 1682, to John Millington of Shrewsbury, England. The tract soon passed to "Ralph Asheton, Gentleman, of the City of Philadelphia" and was until 1741, a part of Oley township, Phila. Co.
In 1741 Squire Boone was one of a number of petitioners for the formation of a new township to be taken from Oley, and to be named Exeter. The new township was erected Dec. 7, 1741.
When Squire Boone was about moving to North Carolina, he learned that at the purchase in 1730 a certain legal confirmation of sale had been omitted. The was rectified April 10, 1750, and on the next day he sold to William Maugridge "a certain Messuage or Tenement and tract of land containing 158 3/4 acres." This was part of Boone's 250 acres.
Daniel Boone's birthplace is nearly half a mile away from the public road. The nearest towns to it are Baumstown, in former days called Exeter town, and Stonersville, both small towns and each more than a mile away.
Moses Boone, aged 84, and perhaps the oldest living member of the Boone family, has always lived near the Squire Boone place, and has always been told that it was the birthplace of Daniel. The Lee family, from as early as the birth of Daniel Boone, have been neighbors and close friends of the Boones. Some were born in the same old house of those yet living, and all have known the house as Daniel Boone's birthplace.
Bucks County, one of the three original counties of Pennsylvania, is seventy years older than Berks. Because of this and because of the similarity of names, Exeter township is sometimes mistakenly spoken of as being Bucks County.
(Signed) Andrew Shaaber
Shaaber apparently was not aware that Squire Boone actually lived in Bucks County before moving to what became Berks County, which contributed heavily to the erroneous claim that Daniel Boone was born in Bucks County.
In 1980 the compiler visited the Squire Boone homestead, east of Reading, Pennsylvania, near the village of Baumstown in Berks County. It is administered by the Historical and Museum Commission of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Because it was the birthplace of the famous frontiersman and explorer Daniel Boone, the Squire Boone homestead is now known as the Daniel Boone Homestead. Operated as a State Park, the area of some 600 acres surrounding the restored house is a wildlife sanctuary of the Pennsylvania Game Commission. Owatin Creek, which runs near the house and shortly thereafter enters Molasses Creek, has been dammed into a small lake called Owatin Lake, not far from the house. A small museum of Boone and other frontier artifacts has been erected on the premises along with a Visitor's Center, crafts shop and wayside lodge.
Some restored buildings of the frontier period have been moved into the area to augment the attraction. Picnic grounds and a rifle range complete the installation.
The Boone homestead was erected in three phases. The construction of the dwelling began in 1730 when Squire Boone built a log cabin on a foundation enclosing a spring. Part of the original walls of the cellar remain and the spring was still active in 1980, filling a trough in the stone floor of the cellar and flowing outside. In a corner of the cellar, the spring is enclosed by stone walls which have a partially arched opening for access to the water. The second phase of the construction was a stone house erected against and connected to the log house. According to the guide the two structures were combined around the large stone chimney with a new fireplace opening into the kitchen of the stone structure. Although the information brochure prepared by the Commission states that "it is believed" that Squire Boone erected the first stone structure, the guide emphasized that it was built while Squire was still residing there. In phase three of the construction a subsequent owner replaced the log house with a stone building that was erected on the original foundation over the spring. The two stone structures were integrated and the juncture line is apparent.
A nearby stone smokehouse of the same period and appearance also was built by Squire Boone according to the guide.
The brochure describes Berks County at the time of the Boone settlement in Oley Township as primitive country on the edge of the wilderness where ... young Daniel learned to hunt and trap, to shoot accurately the Pennsylvania rifle that he received on his tenth birthday, and to find his way in the forests ...(20)
In 1980 the dwelling was furnished with 18th Century housewares, furniture and weaving equipment similar to what Squire and Sarah Morgan Boone might have had in their home. The guide noted that, when the Boones left the house to go to North Carolina, Squire burned all of the personal and household belongings that he could not carry away with him.
The homestead of George Boone III is not far away, north of Stonersville, and the Exeter Meetinghouse lies about half-way between the two homes.
The land of Squire Boone adjoined the tracts of his brothers George IV, Joseph and Benjamin:(21)
Pennsylvania Ss. by Vertue of a Warrt. from the Late Commrs. of Property bearing date the 4th. of 8th. 1718 directed to the then Surveyor Genl. to Survey unto George Boon of Abingdon 400 as. of Land at Oley there was Surveyed on the 27th. day of August 1734 To the sd. George Boon in part of the sd. Quantity A Tract of Land in Oley aforesd. ... lying in the County of Philada. Beging. at a post in a line of the Swedes Tract thence by Vact. Land ... thence by Lands of Elias Hughes & Benja. Boon ... thence by Lands of ... Benja. Boon and Squire Boon ... Swedes Line .. to the ... Beginning Containing 277 As. & the Allowance of 6 as. pCent for Roads &c. Returned into the Secretarys Office the 22nd of 9ber Anno Dom 1734.
Benja. Eastburn Sur. Genl.
Pennsa. Ss. By Vertue of a Warrant from the Proprietaries dated the 4th Day of January in the Year 1734 I have caused to be surveyed on the 25th Day of June in the Year 1735 unto Joseph Boon a Tract of Land situate in Oley in the County of Philada. Beginning ... on the Bank of Shuylkill [sic] River ... thence by Peter Heygo's Land ... thence by vact. Land ... thence by Squire Boone's Land ... thence by ... Joseph Boon's other Land ... to ... Schuylkill River thence up by the same ... to the Beginning Containing one hundred eighty four Acres and allowance of Six Acres pCent for Roads &c. Returned into the Secretary's Office the 26th of July A.D. 1738.
Benja. Eastburn Survr. Genll.
Pennsilvania Ss Whereas by Consent and Direction of the late Commissrs. of Property there was Surveyed in the Year 1730 to Squire Boone of the County of Philadelphia the Quantity of Two hundred and Fifty Acres of Land Situate in Exeter Township in the said County of Philadelphia being a Moiety of 500 acres of Land the Original Purchase of John Millington Now in Pursuance of a warrant Dated the Ninth Day of March 1749 requireing me to Accept and receive the said Survey into my office and to make Return thereof unto the Secrey's office in order that the same may be Granted and Confirmed unto the sd Squire Boone, I Do hereby Certifye the Bounds and Permitts of the Land to be as follows Vizt. Beginning ... by the Lands of Joseph Boone & Daniel Coole ... by the Lands of Peter Yarnel And Benjamin Boone ... by George Boones Land ... by the Swedes Tract ... Containing Two hundred and Fifty Acres ... and the usual allowance of Six Acres pCent for Roads &c. Returned into the Secretarys office the 9th day of March Anno Domini 1749 p/ Nichs Scull Surveyr Genl.
The minutes of the Board of Property reveal that Squire Boone was ordered to salvage some timber for the Proprietaries in 1734:(22)
At the Proprietaries Xber 3d 1734. Ordered that J. Steel write to Squire Boon for him to seize the walnut timber cut down
A quote from Nathan Boone Squire's grandson, about Squire:
"My grandfather, Squire Boone, was a weaver and a farmer. His residenc e was probably in Oley. He kept at least five or six looms going at on e time. He had his homestead and in the grass season moved his stock se veral miles distant to a fine range where cowpens were made for herdin g the cattle at nights, and a cabin was built in which Mrs. Boone spen t the dairy season in attending to her milk. During the mild weather he r son Daniel went with her to act as a herdsman. He went with the cattl e during their daily roaming through the woods and brought them back eac h evening. This was his chief occupation from the age of ten to sevente en. This move was an annual affair, and Mrs. Boone always went personal ly to attend to the dairy, and her son Daniel was always her attendant t o watch and take care of the cattle."